October 30, 2012

A short list of black and white photographic films

I am collecting in this page some useful information on black & white films which are still in production.
I have organized these notes per brand, with a table which provides the main information about the films which are still available on the market.

The “Type” column identifies the type of film:

C = Conventional Film
OS = Old-style emulsions
T = Tabular Grain Film
CHR = Chromogenic
D = Document Film
IR = Infrared or Near Infrared Film
ORT = Orthochromatic Film
REV = Reversal Transparency Film

* * *

Adox

Adox was a German film factory founded in 1860. After a glorious past and several vicissitudes (read the full stories on wikipedia and camerapedia) its trademark was virtually dismissed, until Adox Fotoimpex revived this legendary brand, manufacturing films near Berlin in what is called "the smallest photochemical factory in the world".
 
All Adox films are available from FotoImpex online shop.
 
Available films:

Film

ISO

Size

Type

Links

Notes

CMS 20

20

135/120/4x5”

C techsheet 800 lp/mm

Silvermax

100

135 only

C techsheet

high silver content
14 stops dyn. range

CHS 100 II 100 135/120 /sheet film up to 20x24” C techsheet replaces CHS 100

Ortho 25

25

110/120/135/ 4x5/5x7/8x10

ORT    
 
Resources:

    AgfaPhoto

    AgfaPhoto is a German photographic company which was born in 2004 from the ashes of the bankrupted Agfa Gevaert (read the full story on wikipedia).
     
    All Agfa films are manufactured in Mortsel (Belgium).

    Available films:

    Film

    ISO

    Size

    Type

    Links

    Notes

    APX 100

    100

    135/120
    6.5x9cm
    9x12cm
    13x18cm
    4x5”/

    C techsheet same as Rollei RPX100
    APX 400

    400

    135 / 120

    C techsheet

    no longer available, rebranded as Rollei RPX400

    SCALA 200x 200

    135/120/4x5”

    REV techsheet no longer in production, may be still available somewhere

    Arista

    A cheap assortment of black & white films comes under the brand of Arista.
    Sold by Freestyle Photographic Supplies, in US, Arista films are probably re-packaged films manufactured by other brands:
    • Arista Premium B&W 400 (400 ISO, 135/120)
    • Arista Edu Ultra 100 (100 ISO, 135/120/4x5"/5x7"/8x10")
    • Arista Edu Ultra 200 (200 ISO, 135/120/4x5"/5x7"/8x10")
    • Arista Edu Ultra 400 (400 ISO, 135/120/4x5"/5x7"/8x10")
    The Arista Premium is reported by Freestyle as being manufactured in the U.S.A.
    According to "The film developing cookbook (by Stephen Anchell and Bill Troop)" the following Arista films are commonly assumed to be repackaged Ilford films:
    • Arista Pro 50 = Pan F +
    • Arista Pro 125 = FP4 +
    • Arista Pro 400 = HP5+
    • Arista DMAX 400 = Delta 400
    However, it seems they are no longer manufactured.

    Resources:

    Bergger

    Bergger is an historical brand of the French photo industry, founded about 150 years ago as "Entrepsrise guillemot, Bergger". Today they are still manufacturing films, papers and chemistry, along with other products for digital photography.
    However, the production of film is restricted to orthochromatic material, mainly targeted to reproduction.

    Resources:

    Foma

    Production: Czech Republic.

    All films have a wide exposure latitude (-2 to +1EV).

    The characteristic curve of the new film Retropan 320 shows a rather low contrast, especially in the mid-tones, and a low sensitivity to development time variations.

    Available films:

    Film

    ISO

    Size

    Type

    Links

    Notes

    Fomapan 100 Classic

    100

    120/135/4x5"/
    5x7"/8x10",
    also 9x12cm

    C data sheet  

    Fomapan 200 Creative

    200

    120/135/4x5"/
    5x7"/8x10"

    C data sheet  
    Fomapan 400 Action

    400

    120/135/4x5"/
    5x7"/8x10"

    C data sheet  
    Retropan 320 soft
    NEW!
    320 135
    sheet film (4x5”, 5x7”, 8x10”, 9x12cm)
    C data sheet Broad range of half tones.
     
    Resources:

    FujiFilm

    Production: Japan.
     

    Film

    ISO

    Size

    Type

    Links

    Notes

    Neopan Acros

    100

    120/135

    T data sheet
    data sheet (120)
    very moderate reciprocity defect, 200 lp/mm

    Neopan 100SS

    200

      C    
    Neopan 400

    400

      C    
     
    Resources:

    Ilford Photo / Harman

    A worldwide famous British brand, acquired in 2005 by Harman Technology Ltd. Read the full history on PhotoMemorabilia.

    Production: UK.

    Film

    ISO

    size

    Type

    Links

    Notes

    FP4+

    100

    135/120/4x5”

    C data sheet  

    HP5+

    400

    135/120/4x5”

    C data sheet  

    PAN F+

    50

    135/120/4x5”

    C data sheet  
    Delta 100

    100

    120/135/4x5” T data sheet  

    Delta 400

    50

    120/135 T data sheet  

    Delta 3200

    3200

    120/135 T data sheet  
    SFX 200 200 135 IR data sheet  
    PAN 100 100 135 C data sheet  
    PAN 400 400 135 C data sheet  

    Resources:

    Kentmere

    Kentmere is a British photographic brand mainly renowned as a paper manufacturer, which was acquired in 2007 by Harman Technology Ltd (which also owns Ilford Photo). Although all Kentmere films are coated by HARMAN Technology Ltd in Mobberley UK, they are totally different emulsions than Ilford films.

    I use sometimes Kentmere 400 as a cheap alternative to TRI-X or HP5+ (it costs 30-40% less). Quality is acceptable and grain is not too coarse (unless you cook it in Rodinal).

    Production: UK

    Available films:
     

    Film

    ISO

    Size

    Type

    Links

    Notes

    Kentmere 100

    100

    135

    C data sheet  

    Kentmere 400

    400

    135

    C data sheet  

    Resources:

    Kodak

    Kodak, the worldwide famous photographic company founded by George Eastman in Rochester in far 1888, still produces a few great black & white films. All Kodak films are manufactured in USA. I am a regular consumer of TRI-X, I hope Kodak will never stop its production.

    Production: USA

    Available films:

    Film

    ISO

    Size

    Type

    Links

    Notes

    Double-X 200 (5222) NEW! 200 135 C data sheet Motion picture film, also available in 135 format.
    TRI-X 320

    320

    135/120/4x5”

    C data sheet aka 400TX

    TRI-X 400

    400

    135/120/4x5”

    C data sheet

    aka 320TXP

    T-MAX 100

    100

    135/120/4x5”

    T data sheet  
    T-MAX 400

    100

    120/135/4x5” T data sheet (1)
    data sheet (2)
    was improved in 2007

    T-MAX 3200

    3200

    120/135 T data sheet  

    Notes:
    (1) films manufactured until 9/2007
    (2) films manufactured from 10/2007

    Resources:

    Lucky

    Lucky (http://www.luckyfilm.com) is a Chinese manufacturer of traditional photographic materials.

    Production: China.

    Available films:

    SHD 100

    SHD 400

    Maco

    http://www.maco-photo.de/files/images/MACO_TA820c_ENG.pdf

    Links:

    Macodirect online shop

    Protopan

    It seems a new brand, I'm still looking into this ...
     
    Available films:

    Protopan 400 (400 ISO, 135 only, data sheet)

    Links:

    Rollei

    Rollei materials are produced by Agfa (Belgium) and cut by Maco (Germany)

    RPX 25

    RPX 100 (same as Agfa APX 100)

    RPX 400 (same as Agfa APX 400)

    ATP 1.1 (40 ISO, high resolution, 135/120, data sheet)

    ATO 2.1 (lith film)

    PAN 25 (25 ISO, data sheet)

    Ortho 25

    Retro 80S

    Retro 400s

    SuperPan 200s

    Infrared 400s

    Resources:

      Wephota

      Wephota merged historical brands of the former East Germany, such as Turaphot, Orwo, and others.  They produce large format orthochromatic films.

      Resources:

      Resolving power comparison

      The following tables provides a comparison between film resolutions, in line-pairs/mm.
      Film resolutions are related to a contrast of 1000:1.
      The source of these data is http://www.greenspun.com/bboard/q-and-a-fetch-msg.tcl?msg_id=005G7o unless otherwise specified.

      Film lp/mm Source
      Adox CMS 20 800 data sheet
      Fujifilm Acros 200 data sheet
      Ilford PAN F 150
      Ilford FP4+ 110
      Ilford HP5+ 100  
      Ilford Delta 100 160  
      Ilford Delta 400 145  
      Ilford Delta 3200 100  
      Ilford XP2 110  
      Ilford SFX200 80  
      Kodak TRI-X 320 100 Kodak Professionals Black-and-White Films, Publication F-5, 1998
      Kodak TRI-X 400 100 Kodak Professionals Black-and-White Films, Publication F-5, 1998
      Kodak TMAX 100 200 Kodak Professionals Black-and-White Films, Publication F-5, 1998
      Kodak TMAX 400 125 Kodak Professionals Black-and-White Films, Publication F-5, 1998
      Kodak TMAX 3200 125 Kodak Professionals Black-and-White Films, Publication F-5, 1998
      Rollei Superpan 200 181 ars-imago

      Notes:
      (1) film resolutions are related to a contrast of 1000:1
      (2) source: http://www.greenspun.com/bboard/q-and-a-fetch-msg.tcl?msg_id=005G7o  unless otherwise specified;
      (3) source: data sheet
      (4) source: Kodak Professionals Black-and-White Films, Publication F-5, 1998
      (5) source: ars-imago 
       

      Miscellaneous links

      The future of film (2012) - An interesting article on Photo District News
      What is the future of film photography? (2011) - A few stories of photographers which keep using film

      List of defunct b&w films

      The following list is noticeably incomplete. I'll add more films, hopefully not from the sections above.

      Adox
      Agfa
      • Agfapan (25 ISO)
      • ISOPAN IF (80 ISO)
      • ISOPAN ISS (400 ISO)
      • Agfapan 1000 (1000 ISO)
      Ansco
      • Super Hypan
      Efke
       
       
      Efke is the brand of films which were manufactured in Croatia by Fotokemika (find more on wikipedia and Camerapedia) until 2012.
      Efke films (except Infrared) are labeled with a prefix which identifies the film format (KB stands for 35mm, R for 120, PL for sheet film)
      • Efke KB 25 / R25 / PL25 (same as Adox CHS 25)
      • Efke KB 50 / R50 / PL50 (the same as Adox CHS 50)
      • Efke KB 100 / R100 / PL100 (the same as Adox CHS 100)
      • Efke KB 400 / R400Efke IR 820
      • Efke IR 820 Aura
      A few interesting links:
      In August 2012 Efke has ended its production of films.

      There is a project aiming at preserving Fotokemika's heritage:
       
      Ferrania
      • P24 (40 ISO)
      • P30 (160 ISO)
      • P33 (320 ISO)
      • P36 (640 ISO)
      Ilford
      • PAN F
      • FP4
      • HP4
      Kodak
      • Panatomic X (40 ISO)
      Konica
      • Konipan S (100 ISO)
      • Konipan SS (200 ISO)
      • Konipan SSS (400 ISO)
      Orwo
      • NP15 (8 ISO)
      • NP20 (80 ISO)
      • NP27 (400 ISO)
      Perutz
      • P14 (40 ISO)
      • P17 (80 ISO)
      • P21 (200 ISO)
      • P25 (500 ISO)
      Tura
      • PAN 14 (40 ISO)
      • PAN 17 (80 ISO)
      • PAN 21 (200 ISO)
      • PAN 24 (400 ISO)


      Other references

      If you are looking for development times, some useful information are available here:

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